Cookies Around the World

Cookies+Around+the+World

          Did you know there are over 195 countries in the world? In these countries, there are many different types of national cookies that are delicious to eat! There are eight original types of cookies in the world. But those types expand over many different popular recipes. We have done some research and are here to give you some insight on 5 different cookies from around our planet, including Africa, the United States, France, Russia, and Scotland.  

          Our first cookie is the chocolate chip cookie, a popular treat in the United states. The chocolate chip cookie was invented by the American chefs Ruth Graves Wakefield and Sue Brides in 1938. She invented the recipe during the period when she owned the Toll House Inn in Whitman, Massachusetts. In this era, the Toll House Inn was a popular restaurant that featured home cooking. Ruth and Sue were planning on baking a batch of butter drop cookies that feature chunks of chocolate, but she didn’t have the right type of chocolate, so she took a chocolate bar and chopped it up into pieces. She was expecting the chocolate to spread throughout the cookie, but it stayed in place and created the beloved chocolate chip cookie.

          Our second cookie is the Pryaniki cookie from Russia. The Russian Pryaniki is a traditional cookie, or otherwise known as honey bread cookie, that is served with tea typically in the Christmas time and holiday season. This cookie is a dense bread and crumbly like cookie that is glazed and usually made with various spices and citrus flavors. This cookie is usually served at weddings, funerals, birthdays and other festive occasions. A  lot of people think of this cookie as a sort of Russian gingerbread cookie but with less ginger. This cookie was made in the 9th century and has been celebrated in the country Russia for over 1000 years.

          Our third cookie is the shortbread cookie/biscuit from Scotland. The texture of the Scottish shortbread cookie is quite surprising.They are not crisp or chewy like other cookies. Instead, they are pleasantly soft and almost cakey. These crunchy cookies are usually served with tea. The Shortbread cookie is a type of cookie with a buttery texture. It has been called the ancestor of all butter cookies. This cookie is made with rice flour that gives the shortbread a grainy, crumbly texture, while cornstarch gives it a more dense texture. Shortbread originated in Scotland in medieval times. Scottish shortbread evolved from medieval biscuit bread to the beloved shortbread cookie. Shortbread have been made as early as the 12th Century. However its invention is often attributed to Mary, Queen of Scots in the 16th Century. Petticoat Tails were a traditional form of shortbread said to be enjoyed by the queen.

          Our fourth cookie is the well known Macron cookies from France. This cookie is commonly mixed up or mistaken for the macaroon, a coconut biscuit. These cookies have been made since the 8th century. In 1533, it was believed that the macron cookie was born in Italy and brought over to France by Catherine de Medici, a noblewoman from Florence. She brought over the macron cookie and then married the future King of France, Henri II. As a result, macrons became a common French delicacy. These nuns became known as the “Macron Sisters”. In the 16th century, the grand daughter of  the queen of France, was saved from starvation because she ate macrons! These treats have become one of the most iconic foods on the planet and even have their own holiday. In 2005 a head chef in Paris created Macron day on March 23rd. Macrons are a well known treat that are beloved all over the world.

          The final cookie we are writing about is the African sweet potato cookie called the Mbatata. These cookies are naturally sweet due to the sweet potato and raisins in the recipe. They also have a touch of cinnamon and brown sugar, to give them that iconic Mbatata flavor. The suburban hinterland country of Malawi is home to the Mbatata cookie. These cookies are usually cut into the shape of a heart because  it is also known as the “Warm Heart of Africa”. It is traditional to cut these Mbatata cookies into the shape of a heart, making them a clear tribute to the people and nature of Malawi. These cookies are typically eaten in the fall seasons and they are a type a cookie that you can feel good about eating while you observe the falling leaves or snuggle in a blanket in front of the fire with a seasonal beverage.

           There are so many cookies around the world that we could have written about, but we chose these five scrumptious cookies that are everywhere from a spice infused Russian berry cookie to a sweet potato cookie from Malawi. These cookies are all unique, even though we haven’t tried them all, they spread the message that there are so many amazing foods all over the world. The love for baking is universal and people can bake foods differently in their own ways. Because of these cookies we can learn a little more about people, their countries, recipes, and food. Baking brings people together and helps us increase our knowledge about others and ourselves.

Bibliography:

1.https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Chocolate_chip_cookie

2.https://www.curiouscuisiniere.com/mbatata-malawian-sweet-potato-cookies/

3.http://www.goldenrodpastries.com/journal/2017/03/07/the-history-of-the-french-macaron/

4.https://www.olgasflavorfactory.com/recipes/russianrecipes/pryaniki-russian-honey-spice-cookies/

5.https://www.thenibble.com/reviews/main/cookies/cookies2/history-of-shortbread.asp