Imagine scuba diving in the Galapagos Islands and finding a baby godzilla. Well believe it or not that’s actually an Iguana. Marine Iguanas can be known to be found more than two miles from the shore. And have many hidden secrets.
There are many subspecies of Iguanas: there’s Land Iguanas, Desert Iguanas, Spiny tailed Iguanas, and much more. Iguanas are Herbivores, living off a diet of either algae, leaves, fruit, or shrubs. Most Iguanas tend to stick to warmer climates like the Mojave or Galapagos Islands, this is because they are cold blooded, which means that they can not produce their own body heat, and get their heat from the sun. Iguanas are also very social animals, and one of the smartest animals on this planet, in addition they can grow up to four to five feet.
Marine Iguanas are very easy to tell from the other types of Iguanas. This is because their snout is shorter which allows them to live off algae that grows on rocks. Because of their short snout it makes it easier to eat and gives them the godzilla like look. In addition, they have a bigger tail because they only use their tail to swim. They also have more rough, rocky looking scales, this is to blend in with either the ocean, or the rocky ocean floor. Since Marine Iguanas spend so much time eating algae, under the sea salt gathers in their mouth, so when they reach land they blow it their nose. Although this salt normally ends up on the top of their head, the salt later condenses giving them a unique white spot on their head.
Most Iguanas have spikes on their back, however, desert iguanas lack this protection. They are also smaller than other Iguanas. Therefore desert Iguanas are faster and more agile than other lizards. This makes it easier for them to escape from Vultures, Coyotes, and other predators. Desert Iguanas have different colors depending on the season, time of day, and location. If the temperature is warmer they will turn white, this is to reflect the sun rays, however if they need more heat they will turn black. Desert Iguanas are commonly found in parts of South California, and the Mojave desert.
Green Iguanas are the most common Iguana, when you picture an Iguana you’re probably thinking of a Green Iguana, they have spikes lining their back, and has extra skin on the bottom of their neck. This is used to regulate heat and claim dominance over other Iguanas. Although Green Iguanas are called Green Iguanas, they are not all green, they can also be yellow or orange. Green Iguanas are commonly found hanging above a lake in a tree. This is because if attacked, the Iguana can drop off the branch into the lake and swim away.
These are just some types of Iguanas and their adaptations, there is still another world to find out about these scaly beasts.